Acceleration is a significant part of every sport, and maximal speed training and assessment has an essential role if coaches want to make their athletes better. What follows five important steps. The takeaway is that getting athletes to run mechanically sound and fast is a great investment in time for nearly every sport
1) SPEED TRAINING DEVELOPS ENDURANCE
It is one thing if an athlete can perform at the peak speed for short period time, but most competitions and contests require athletes to perform at the top velocity frequently for the entire competition.
And only speed training gives an athlete the required speed endurance to perform at high speed repetitively over prolonged time. If he does not have the required endurance, an extensive fatigue occurs and risk of injury increases.
2) SPEED TRAINING IMPROVES THE SMOOTHNESS OF YOUR MOVEMENTS
Speed training requires increased load of the agonist muscles and then antagonist muscles which allows the other one rest while the first one is working. Constantly training them in this kind of mode develops agonist and antagonist muscles’ ability to work more efficiently. So even when a slow motion is required, both muscles will be at their optimal performance, which results in better, more coordinated and precise motions. This makes a great difference for winners. And only speed training gives an athlete the required speed endurance to perform at high speed repetitively over prolonged time. If he does not have the required endurance, an extensive fatigue occurs and risk of injury increases.
3) IMPROVE NEUROMUSCULAR PERFORMANCES
Speed training causes an overload of the neuromuscular system, which in general improves the efficiency of muscular activity. Moreover, every person is born with a certain threshold that protects the nervous system and does not allow an athlete to improve his results. Speed training resets the nervous system and increases this threshold, which in turn leads to better results for an athlete.
4) BETTER ENERGY CONSERVATION
When you do the speed training for a long time, your body starts spending less energy for muscular activities. Overall it allows for a greater energy conservation and efficiency for an athlete, even if he is not required to use high speed running in his sport. This gives him an advantage over other athletes in competition.
5) BETTER CONTROL
Improved maximal speed allows an athlete to perform acyclic activities at the required velocity, but with better control. Movements like setting for a takeoff or kicking a ball are performed much better if an athlete is not using his maximum speed. It definitely gives him more control during the motion.